Native primate: Japanese macaque
Largest snake: Japanese rat snake, 5 feet long and harmless
Famous amphimbian: A species of giant salamander lives in Kyushu and western Honshu. They can be 5 feet in length
Notorious insect: The Japanese beetle, which was accidently imported into the Americas in 1916. A swarm of Japanese beetles can strip a peach tree in 15 minutes, leaving only branches and pits.
(Text from Cultures of the World: Japan, Benchmark Books, 2002)